FIGURES AND FIGURE CAPTIONS
Fig. 1: Combining elements of an architecturo-anthropologically defined '[proto-]
material culture' with the Embers' list (Ember 1994).
Fig. 2: Evolution of constructivity. The plate is based on the Embers' list (Ember
1994). Pc: Proconsul, Ap: Australopithecus, Hh: Homo habilis, He: Homo erectus,
E: Earliest homo sapiens, Hss: Homo sapiens sapiens). Below, the increase in brain
size is given (in cubic centimeters). The lowest line indicates time in millions (M) and
thousands of years (T).
Fig. 3: Bipedal locomotion, respectively upright body posture is one of the most characteristic
features of humans. Architectural anthropology relates its origins to a phase when
with the formation of open savannas terrestric nesttypes became dominant.
Fig. 4: Spatial interpretation of gorilla nestcamp as recorded by Izawa et al. 1966.
Fig. 5: "Traffic signs" made by Bonobo subgroups while on daily migration. Drawings
according to verbal descriptions in Savage-Rumbaugh et al. (1996).
Fig. 6: As a nuclear polar model (S) of the polar categorical organisation of the
Ainu house (D) and regional 'cosmos' (T), the signs represent the highest ontological
Fig. 7: Fibroconstructive material culture of agrarian Japan. See also Miyazaki 1985.
Fig. 8: Semantic architecture (Japan): the two most fundamental forms, hutlike and
column type (centre and right) alluding to primary rooted forms (left). The column
type is related to male gender symbolism, the variation at the outer right represents
a female counterpart.
Fig. 9: Principles of early state formation. The model is based on Kees (1980), on
'semantic architecture' (Ishtar sign) and on the 'settlement core complex' (Egenter