This essay was prepared on request of the 'Indira Gandhi National Centre of the Arts'
(IGNCA, New Delhi) while the author was working in India on various projects during
Dec. 1998/Jan. 1999, hence its essayistic style. The text was presented at the IGNCA
in the framework of a public lecture on January 28th 1999. The paper basically questions
the Eurocentric Western humanities and its capacities to adequately describe cultural
conditions like those of the Indian subcontinent where rural traditional cultures are still dominant, but are ruled by urban values. The urban rural dichotomy outlined
here shows clearly that, in regard to important parameters, the Western method widely
projects the results of Eurocentric urban history on the population of other cultures like India, demanding tremendous efforts of adaption to these scientifically highly
speculative urban values.
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