Italian term for the vernacular houses found widely diffused in the region of Bari (Alberobello), Italy. They are constructed using collected fieldstones without using any mortar. Groundplans are mostly circular implying vertically layered walls and a conical roof with fieldstones corbelled towards the top which usually ends in a specially hewn symbolic form.

26. June 1987

...."che le piramidi d'Egitto non siano altro che la reminiscenza di un'abitazione primitiva a forma di trullo a pianta quadrata con tetto a quattro spioventi" (...that basically the pyramids of Ancient Egypt were nothing else than the memory of a primitive residential cottage in the form of a pyramidal house stratified from dry stones over the square outline of the 'trulli'- type of Alberobello).

On the Origins of Species by means of Natural Selection (1859 ed.) 5
"L'albero genealogico dell'arte architettonica" ha avuto "il suo Darwin", ma questa "ramificazione" e "rimasta senza ulteriore sviluppo"! (The pedigree of architecture as art may have had its Darwin, but this branching has remained without further development).

The complex "cult of Hermes", "cooked/raw", "one's own/foreign", "cultivated/wild" in connection with "primary operations before the territorial occupation" looks extremely fruitful to me.

The difference of durable and perishable material culture is most impressively reflected in ethnological and archaeological museums. In Berlin-Dahlem for instance, the museum for ethnology is found immediately beside the archaeological museum. In the museum for ethnology approximately 95% of the objects are not durable. This is valid also for the most striking objects found there, the traditional houses reconstructed in the museum. This perishable content stands in great contrast to the large Central American collection of the archaeological museum. All objects are of durable materials. Semper must have been aware of this difference. His conclusion must sound paradoxical to everyone who follows the current opinion and admires the high age of the durable objects. Semper maintains - and the present author holds the same conviction - that the fibrous objects ("textiles" acc. to Semper) in the ethnographical collection might be - as a human tradition - much older than the objects worked in stone.

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