00_07_09

ARCHITECTURAL ARCHAEOLOGY




From: "Danny Sullivan" <hermit@minkhollow.freeserve.co.uk>
To: <negenter@worldcom.ch>
Subject: Implosion
Date: Sun, 9 Jul 2000 12:54:41 +0100
Status:

I have been reading with some interest over the past few months, the material on your web site. Much of what you are discussing crosses over with my own area of interest - that of sacred space and sacred architecture. I am an architect from the UK and am currently engaged in an ongoing debate with a colleague in developing an anthropological approach to architecture and applying it to the buildings and places we design. I wanted to introduce myself to you and your colleagues as we are making links with other interested parties in the fields of architecture, anthropology and archaeology with a view to developing ways of creating better buildings and environments. We are hopeful that these ideas can be applied to a major redevelopment in London in the coming months. We also have contacts with a charitable organisation based in Glasgow that has been able to obtain funding for innovative urban regeneration schemes in run-down inner city areas.

I attach a short article I wrote for a magazine called Place: The magazine for planning in harmony with the land. This will give you an idea of where my interests lie. It is becoming a little out of date now as I research more deeply into this area.

Daniel Peter Sullivan BA BArch
23 Church Road
Lydney
Gloucestershire
GL15 5EA
UK
t 0044 1594 845744
f 0044 1594 845744
m 0044 7702 998208
hermit@minkhollow.freeserve.co.uk
____________________
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From ???@??? Tue Jul 11 19:49:11 2000
To: "Danny Sullivan" <hermit@minkhollow.freeserve.co.uk>
From: negenter@worldcom.ch (Nold Egenter)
Subject: Re: Implosion
Message-Id: <v01530503b591020fa79e@[212.74.155.42]>

Dear Daniel Sullivan,

thank you for your message which I read with great interest. I have also been looking at the pictures of which, except 5 and 2 (city plan?) I understood to some extent the direction in which you are going. Unfortunately I can not read the .doc format of the text you sent as attachment (we work with Mac/Apple). If you could send it in txt or RTF I would be glad.

Most important is your scheme (Fig. 1)  I think. Interesting that you take the temple into the centre with cosmology and authority. If I look at the scheme it would say: we can read intuitively the ritual interpretation of the (natural) landscape as a memory, as myths related to maps, as omphalos and numinosity implying a cosmic order which we can transfer on architecture by comparing it with the cosmology of the temple as an authority. The left line would be somehow anthropology, the centre history, and the right side the present where we are actively engaged as architects.

I am supposing that you interprete the scheme in some sort of pantheistic sense as the terms 'numinosity', or Eliade's 'hierophany' and others suggest. In my case I am trying to be strictly anthropological in the scientific sense. This means that 'cosmology' gains a phaseological dimension, as Bollnow suggested in his framework of extension of space per-/conception. A spatial truth becomes explicit, which I think is very important for us as architects: that the omphalos and his relation to the numinous, or the altar and the corresponding access space, marked by the gate, are primary humane conditions (conserved most purely in the temple), which we have destroyed by projecting a heavenly endless and homogeneous non-humane space into our everyday lives.

We can then understand why our cities degenerated into conveyor bands, why many peoples lost their orientation in modern urban tissues: we have destroyed a spatial system based on polarity, on polar categorical harmonies by introducing homogeneous space of the universe!

I have mainly been working on research, trying to build up a methodological grid which  would allow us to understand on a cross cultural level (mainly Asia and Europe)  how building originated and what it meant for man and his culture. Besides this I have found many problematic conditions today, in modernism and postmodernism, but I have never fully invested in the question: what should we do positively to change the situation.

Consequently I am fully open for the links you propose in view of an architectural design that uses criteria found through anthropological research.

Please keep me informed on your activities.

Warm regards

Nold Egenter
 
 



Subject: Re: Implosion
Date: Sun, 16 Jul 2000 10:52:34 +0100
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----- Original Message -----
From: Nold Egenter <negenter@worldcom.ch>
To: Danny Sullivan <hermit@minkhollow.freeserve.co.uk>
Sent: Sunday, July 16, 2000 12:24 AM
Subject: Re: Implosion
 

> Dear Danny Sullivan,
>
> I have read your 'Landscape and consciousness' now, very interesting. It
is
> true, we are very close in our outlooks, but there is a methodological
> problem, or, a problem of sources. I am working ethno-pre-historically and
> this permits to go much closer to real things. I send you two books of
> mine, one on Japanese Shinto demarcations of place, the other one on
> architectural anthropology. I work with the hypothesis that place making
> corresponded in all agrarian societies more or less to the system
described
> in Japan. Far beyond agrarian societies, these markers contained a
> territorio-semantic code which may be about 15 to 22 million years old
> (nestbuilding and trafic signs of the Miocene apes). In addition they show
> a code for a primary aesthetics.  The  latter one must have been present
> about 100'000 years ago (language), definitely accultured around 40'000
> years (flowers on burial site).
>
> Warmest regards
>
> Nold Egenter
>
> _________________________________________________
> Our INTERNET-Homepage: http://home.worldcom.ch/~negenter
> NEW: 'RESEARCH SERIES ONLINE':
> http://home.worldcom.ch/~negenter/005_ResSerOnline.html
> _________________________________________________
> Nold Egenter
> DOFSBT, Chorgasse 19
> CH-8001 Zuerich, Switzerland
> Tel.: +41-1-2516075
> Fx:  +41-21-3231707
> ________________________
> e-mail: negenter@worldcom.ch
> ________________________
>
>
> Thanks for your response. I look forward to receiving your material. I am
particularly intrigued by your reference to a 'territorio-semantic code'.
There has been some interesting work on landscape interpretation by UK
archaeologists in recent years that attempts now to understand monument
(temple) building in the Neolithic period in the context of the landscapes
in which they are located. Monuments are seen as territorial markers in
sacred geographical contexts. In particular it has been suggested that rock
art in connection with natural features was part of a code to assist the
reading of localised geography. Some interesting papers by the archaeologist
Richard Bradley were collected together a few years ago and published under
the title Altering the Earth. I would like to copy some of this material to
you as it corresponds and contradicts some of the statements I make in
Landscape and Consciousness. You might find it interesting.

Regards
 

Daniel Peter Sullivan BA BArch
23 Church Road Lydney GL15 5EA
t 01594 845744
f 01594845744
m 07702 998208
hermit@minkhollow.freeserve.co.uk
 



From: "Danny Sullivan" <hermit@minkhollow.freeserve.co.uk>
To: "Nold Egenter" <negenter@worldcom.ch>
Subject: Books
Date: Sat, 22 Jul 2000 10:17:58 +0100
MIME-Version: 1.0
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Many thanks for the books which arrived today. The timing is perfect as I will be meeting a friend and colleague on Wednesday who is over here from Canada for a conference in Lancaster. He is an anthropology professor from York University in Toronto and was an inspirational colleague at the Academy of Consciousness Studies at Princeton in 1996. I wanted to introduce him to your ideas or architectural anthropology and to involve him in the network of contacts I am hoping to build up in the next few months. Your materials will be very helpful.

When I have had the chance to read through it all I will send you my comments. In the meantime I have copied some extracts from a series of archaeological lectures which I would like you to see and, I hope comment upon in the light of your own research.

Regards

Daniel Peter Sullivan BA BArch
23 Church Road Lydney GL15 5EA
t 01594 845744
f 01594845744
m 07702 998208
hermit@minkhollow.freeserve.co.uk
 
 



From: "Danny Sullivan" <hermit@minkhollow.freeserve.co.uk>
To: "Nold Egenter" <negenter@worldcom.ch>
Subject: Implosion
Date: Tue, 11 Jul 2000 20:22:56 +0100
MIME-Version: 1.0
Status:

Dear Nold Egenter

Thank you for your swift reply. I am sorry you could not read the material I sent you. I attach an RTF version which I hope you will find accessible. This is an early piece of writing that stems from my long interest and involvement with archaeology, both academic and fringe. The editor of the magazine Place, who published this, has unfortunately decided to stop publishing Place. However he, as a town planner, is very interested in the area of study you and I are working in. I have directed him to your web site and hope to keep in touch with him and to spread these ideas around people who might find apposite ways of putting them into practice.

We shall speak again.

Daniel Peter Sullivan BA BArch
23 Church Road
Lydney
GL15 5EA
United Kingdom
t 0044 1594 845744
f 0044 1594845744
m 0044 7702 998208
hermit@minkhollow.freeserve.co.uk
__________

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From ???@??? Sun Jul 16 00:24:00 2000
To: "Danny Sullivan" <hermit@minkhollow.freeserve.co.uk>
From: negenter@worldcom.ch (Nold Egenter)
Subject: Re: Implosion
Cc:
Bcc:
X-Attachments:
Message-Id: <v01530500b59695ea71b7@[212.74.155.42]>

>Dear Nold Egenter
>
>Thank you for your swift reply. I am sorry you could not read the material I sent you. I attach an RTF version which I hope you will find accessible. This is an early piece of writing that stems from my long interest and involvement with archaeology, both academic and fringe. The editor of the magazine Place, who published this, has unfortunately decided to stop publishing Place. However he, as a town planner, is very interested in the area of study you and I are working in. I have directed him to your web site and hope to keep in touch with him and to spread these ideas around people who might find apposite ways of putting them into practice.
>
>We shall speak again.
>
>Daniel Peter Sullivan BA BArch
>23 Church Road
>Lydney
>GL15 5EA
>United Kingdom
>t 0044 1594 845744
>f 0044 1594845744
>m 0044 7702 998208
>hermit@minkhollow.freeserve.co.uk

>Attachment converted: HD:LANDSCAPE AND CONSCIOUSNESS.rtf (WDBN/MSWD) (00024FBC)
>Attachment converted: HD:LANDSCAPE AND CONSCIOUSNESS.txt (TEXT/ttxt) (00024FBD)

Dear Danny Sullivan,

I have read your 'Landscape and consciousness' now, very interesting. It is true, we are very close in our outlooks, but there is a methodological problem, or, a problem of sources. I am working ethno-pre-historically and this permits to go much closer to real things. I send you two books of mine, one on Japanese Shinto demarcations of place, the other one on architectural anthropology. I work with the hypothesis that place making corresponded in all agrarian societies more or less to the system described in Japan. Far beyond agrarian societies, these markers contained a territorio-semantic code which may be about 15 to 22 million years old (nestbuilding and trafic signs of the Miocene apes). In addition they show  a code for a primary aesthetics.  The  latter one must have been present about 100'000 years ago (language), definitely accultured around 40'000 years (flowers on burial site).

Warmest regards

Nold Egenter
 



From ???@??? Tue Oct 10 17:04:22 2000
To: "Danny Sullivan" <hermit@minkhollow.freeserve.co.uk>, <danny@fdharchitecture.com>
From: negenter@worldcom.ch (Nold Egenter)
Subject: Re: Documentary movie about ancient ways of building sanctuaries in Japan
Cc:
Bcc:
X-Attachments:
Message-Id: <v01530501b607cb32348c@[212.74.155.152]>
 

Dear Danny,

please excuse me for the delay in answering your former letter and also in regard to writing to you about the copies of Richard Bradley "Altering the Earth" you had sent to me. The latter I will do later. Today only regarding what you wrote on the 8. 10. 2000 because this seems to be urgent (I was away in Slovenia at a Congress on vernacular architecture and now again leave for southern Italy (Bari, Trani) for the IASTE (Int. Assoc. f. the Study of Trad. Environments) conference (12-15.10). Therefore only very short.

The 'intervention' project you are writing about sounds very interesting. Also the find regarding the timber post holes related to a stone circle! Evidently, as you rightly say, an indicator that, very likely, the stones were not the whole composition originally. A nice idea also to show the video to the students.

I will send you the videotape by  registered A-mail to the address below tomorrow morning. I hope this is fine. If something is wrong about this (e.g. other address) then please send me a note today indicating the new condition. Of course you can have it for free and can keep it until end of November (If you could find out something about how one could make it into a DVD disk, and how much this would cost, I would be glad. England is more advanced in these things, I think).

Now I have to arrange some other things for my trip to Italy. I will be back around the 17th.

All my best wishes
 

Nold
 

________________________________

>Hello Nold
>
>I have the opportunity to take part in the seminars with third year architectural students at Bath University in the UK later this month. I intend to introduce to them some of the ideas of architectural anthropology that I have been studying through your web site. The project they are being asked to undertake is to make "an intervention" at one of six diverse sites in the UK. This may be a building, or may be the construction of  a symbolic object, which I hope to be able to get the students to relate to the mythologies and history of the site in question (one of the sites is a complex of neolithic stone circles and othetr megalithic constructions at Stanton Drew in Somerset - where recently, non-intrusive archaeological research has revealed concerntric rings of timber post holes centred on the largest of the stone circles). Your work on the Japanese ceremonial structures immediately sprang to mind. If at all possible I would like to hire the video referred to on your site. I have a session at Bath on 17 October and again in mid-November. Would you please send me details of how this could be arranged?
>
>Danny Sullivan Architect BA BArch
>Field Holme
>Marsh Lane
>Leonard Stanley
>STONEHOUSE
>Gloucestershire
>GL10 3NJ
>Tel: 01453 822897
>Fax: 01453 822897
>mobile: 07702 998208
>hermit@minkhollow.freeserve.co.uk
>danny@fdharchitecture.com
>
 



From ???@??? Wed Oct 11 12:27:56 2000
To: (Danny Sullivan) hermit@minkhollow.freeserve.co.uk, danny@fdharchitecture.com,
From: negenter@worldcom.ch (Nold Egenter)
Subject: Re: Documentary movie about ancient ways of building sanctuaries in Japan
Message-Id: <v01530502b609fe62e251@[212.74.155.215]>

Dear Danny,

I sent you the video this morning to your address, A-mail registered. I will be away from my desk until about the 17th. Please send me a note upon receipt of the video.

Best wishes

Nold

__________________

>Date: Tue, 10 Oct 2000 17:06:13 +0100
>To:"Danny Sullivan" <hermit@minkhollow.freeserve.co.uk>, <danny@fdharchitecture.com>
>From:negenter@worldcom.ch (Nold Egenter)
>Subject:Re: Documentary movie about ancient ways of building sanctuaries in Japan
>
>
>Dear Danny,
>
>please excuse me for the delay in answering your former letter and also in regard to writing to you about the copies of Richard Bradley "Altering the Earth" you had sent to me. The latter I will do later. Today only regarding what you wrote on the 8. 10. 2000 because this seems to be urgent (I was away in Slovenia at a Congress on vernacular architecture and now again leave for southern Italy (Bari, Trani) for the IASTE (Int. Assoc. f. the Study of Trad. Environments) conference (12-15.10). Therefore only very short.
>
>The 'intervention' project you are writing about sounds very interesting. Also the find regarding the timber post holes related to a stone circle! Evidently, as you rightly say, an indicator that, very likely, the stones were not the whole composition originally. A nice idea also to show the video to the students.
>
>I will send you the videotape by  registered A-mail to the address below tomorrow morning. I hope this is fine. If something is wrong about this (e.g. other address) then please send me a note today indicating the new condition. Of course you can have it for free and can keep it until end of November (If you could find out something about how one could make it into a DVD disk, and how much this would cost, I would be glad. England is more advanced in these things, I think).
>
>Now I have to arrange some other things for my trip to Italy. I will be back around the 17th.
>
>All my best wishes
>
>
>Nold
>
>
>________________________________
>
>>Hello Nold
>>
>>I have the opportunity to take part in the seminars with third year architectural students at Bath University in the UK later this month. I intend to introduce to them some of the ideas of architectural anthropology that I have been studying through your web site. The project they are being asked to undertake is to make "an intervention" at one of six diverse sites in the UK. This may be a building, or may be the construction of  a symbolic object, which I hope to be able to get the students to relate to the mythologies and history of the site in question (one of the sites is a complex of neolithic stone circles and othetr megalithic constructions at Stanton Drew in Somerset - where recently, non-intrusive archaeological research has revealed concerntric rings of timber post holes centred on the largest of the stone circles). Your work on the Japanese ceremonial structures immediately sprang to mind. If at all possible I would like to hire the video referred to on your site. I have a session at Bath on 17 October and again in mid-November. Would you please send me details of how this could be arranged?
>>
>>Danny Sullivan Architect BA BArch
>>Field Holme
>>Marsh Lane
>>Leonard Stanley
>>STONEHOUSE
>>Gloucestershire
>>GL10 3NJ
>>Tel: 01453 822897
>>Fax: 01453 822897
>>mobile: 07702 998208
>>hermit@minkhollow.freeserve.co.uk
>>danny@fdharchitecture.com
 
 



From: "Danny Sullivan" <hermit@minkhollow.freeserve.co.uk>
To: "Nold Egenter" <negenter@worldcom.ch>
Subject: Documentary movie about ancient ways of building sanctuaries in Japan
Date: Sun, 8 Oct 2000 10:26:05 +0100
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Hello Nold

I have the opportunity to take part in the seminars with third year architectural students at Bath University in the UK later this month. I intend to introduce to them some of the ideas of architectural anthropology that I have been studying through your web site. The project they are being asked to undertake is to make "an intervention" at one of six diverse sites in the UK. This may be a building, or may be the construction of  a symbolic object, which I hope to be able to get the students to relate to the mythologies and history of the site in question (one of the sites is a complex of neolithic stone circles and othetr megalithic constructions at Stanton Drew in Somerset - where recently, non-intrusive archaeological research has revealed concerntric rings of timber post holes centred on the largest of the stone circles). Your work on the Japanese ceremonial structures immediately sprang to mind. If at all possible I would like to hire the video referred to on your site. I have a session at Bath on 17 October and again in mid-November. Would you please send me details of how this could be arranged?

Danny Sullivan Architect BA BArch
Field Holme
Marsh Lane
Leonard Stanley
STONEHOUSE
Gloucestershire
GL10 3NJ
Tel: 01453 822897
Fax: 01453 822897
mobile: 07702 998208
hermit@minkhollow.freeserve.co.uk
danny@fdharchitecture.com
 



From ???@??? Thu Dec 28 23:21:42 2000
To: (Daniel P. Sullivan) hermit@minkhollow.freeserve.co.uk
From: negenter@worldcom.ch (Nold Egenter)
Subject: Lumley's Nizza paper
Cc:
Bcc:
X-Attachments:
Message-Id: <v01530500b66163fd22dc@[212.74.155.198]>
 

Dear Danny,

I am responding to your paper letter dated Oct. 30, 2000 for which I thank you, also for the xerox copy about NIZZA.

First regrading the latter and also the former copy you had sent to me. The Nizza paper is interesting. It describes the circumstances of Henry de Lumley's famous 'Terra Amata' reconstruction near Nizza. I had read about it in other reports before, but did not know that they had made out 11 levels and that the fire was always at the same place. Evidently the report is written by a full fledged archaeologist and prehistorian. He seems to have little experience in ethnology and anthropology though. That means, he strictly clings to the factual, the find situation, dating and the position of the object among others ("most ancient"!). In this sense he introduces the report with informations about the climate, the conditions of the time when the hut was used (Lower Palaeolithic,  380-450'000ya, Homo erectus). He reports Lumley's roof reconstruction with branches and animal skins (which is very doubtful!) and refers to another find of a hut below a cave-"roof".

As an archaology report the paper is well done. Disturbing [to me] is an attitude which apriori projects primitivisms (e.g. using 'squat' instead of seat). This then relates to the 'surprising' fact that "primordial man" (Urmensch, Homo erectus) on this [lowest] development level was capable to 'planfully erect dwelling-buildings' of this type. "This counts as one of the greatest discoveries of archaeology in the last years."

In my view this reflects a historistic attitude which I myself consider inadequate today. It was an attitude which could be justified in the age of Schlieman, where archaeology was the elongated arm of history. Today this has changed. Archaeology and prehistory work closely together with anthropology, palaeoanthropology on one side and history and ethnology on the other side. On one hand, finds are always extremely casual, all this can change from one day to another. On the other hand, the field becomes wider. We have to be more flexible in interpretation.

In view of Lumley's Terra Amata hut this means: the hut has already a long constructive history behind. The formation of inside space for protection of  (a) products (granary-hole  in the ground, covered by a fibrous 'roof' which acts also as a sign to find it later again), or (b) animals (cage, trap etc.) or (c) even man (roofhut) represents a long evolutionary process from simple landscape demarcations (semantic architecture) to structuring the inside of a hut in relation to the outside.

In Lumley's reconstuction the roof is made with branches heaped up without any clear structure. This too may be questioned. If we assume that the inventon of tools did not happen so much in the domain of hunting, but rather in the domain of building, then cutting building materials must soon have proposed the distinction between easily manipulatable fibrous materials and twig- and branch-, or even treelike more structural materials. In addition binding structural materials like trees and branches had been from the beginning (nestbuilding of the Hominoids) a basic element. It is therefore probably mistaken to assume the 'non-structural', the merely heaped, as a sign of the primitive, of the primordial in the domain of building.

Finally, the fire inside the hut is an additional indication of a long process. We can assume that fire was invented outside of the earliest huts. It had therefore to be controlled first and in this phase it was likely in the open, close to dwelling huts. Thus, only in a second stage it was moved into the roofhut.

What we want to say with this: the surprise to find such an evolved building together with "primordial man" shows that there is something  wrong in our usual way to see things. If we take the message of the Terra Amata hut, then 'Homo erectus' must have disposed of quite some capacities to build. Building means 'producing spatial and constructive orders and, later, also conceiving them', consequently the mind is involved, maybe for already quite some time. After Homo habilis, Homo erectus confronts us with the second remarkable step of brain expansion. Maybe, if we could scan his head, we would find many types of construction methods, constructed forms, and, maybe even the fire, which, basically as a building - over a tiny roof of dry wood grouped together - gives light and warmth to a circle of people.

This leads us to your question about the instinctive aspect of building. I have many times asked this question and tried to imagine whether a termite has the same emotions when he/she moves up the internal channels of his/her tremendous skyskraper (related to the size of the termites) as if I walk up the stairs of some human tower in one of the world's metropolises. It could be possible. But, on the other hand it is not very likely that there is an X-factor in their evolution and that this X factor was used with the same intensity like among humans. Therefore I think there are neither cathedrals among the termites.

The X factor implies that there is a structural model of polarity (V/A) and that it is used in polar analogies (V/A1-n). This might be considered as the precondition of what we conisder human: aesthetics, ontology/philosophy, religion, as well as politics and power. They are united in what can be called 'settlement core complex'. They fall apart at the time of the early empires and cities, characterised by monumentalisation, strong social stratification and written history.  Aesthetics turn into monumental value, hewn stone and gold, spatial enlargement goes beyond reach and correspondingly macrocosmic description of formerly local physical cults. Religion becomes abstract and manipulatable, empires reach the sun, aesthetics illustrate personalised power. Time changes from cyclic to linear, space becomes highly organised.

We all know about these developments, more or less. But we do not critically question them. We venerate what we see, this marvellous transition from nothingness to high culture, as the glorious, as the primary, as the wonderful, as the ideal, what we should reach. History and prehistory both are seeking for this. Some sort of glory. But that is not the real problem. Or even: it is misleading!

We must understand continuity. How did these so called high cultures suddenly develop from insignificant village cultures, with their dwellings that did not even leave traces, predynastic ones in Ancient Egypt for instance, or in Ancient Mesopotamia? How did these early high cultures suddenly explode into the durable and manifest?  What are their secrets?

The answer is simple and deceiving, at the same time very important for us. The high cultures copied the village cultures. All was already there. It was enlarged and "engineered" into durable monumental forms. Aesthetics, ontology and religion were preformed in the predynastic villages and developed into a spatially, temporally and socially higher form. If we understand this transition from traditional village culture to the first empires and city states, we become aware that the 'creative' aspects collapse. Social, cultic, aesthetic, ontological and religious elements were taken over, copied, merely refined. What is historically palpable appears as a plagiator situation. Culture is blown up, monumentalised into eternal durability. Until today, the false message remained valid: not the village is honoured for its modest but powerful and true inventions in regard to sedentary structures, the honour goes to those who merely enlarged their borrowed things.

Egyptian architecture very clearly shows these characteristics and processes. First, the unity of aesthetics, worldview and religion. All elements, sanctuary, pylons, pillars represent polarity in their forms. The same is valid in the horizontal templeplans, the processions with the deity on a bark emphasise polarity between place and movement. Throne insignia with the pillar between upper and lower Egypt etc.. The king is not only ruler, politically and legally, he is also the top priest, his palace is richest, highest, most beautiful.
In the whole it was a tremendous transition. Materials: the village world was mainly fibrous. The hand was the main tool, Things were remade, time was cyclic. Aesthetics meant harmony of contrasts, not gold. Fibrous temples were territorial indicators, they were cyclically remade (s. W. Andrae). This was the main reason for the  cyclicity of cults.

It is striking to what extent Euro-Western humanities shun the Egyptian sources. Theory making is fixed on Greece. Aesthetics? Architecture? Who would question Egyptian art and architecture! Theology? Who would question Moses role in the New Empire. What was his relation to the Ammun cult? Did he take it as a model? Evidently it is this confusing situation in ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia. "Hands off" seems to be the secret code of the art historians. A great mistake, evidently. If emphasis is laid on continuity it is there where we can understand a lot of things about the beginnings of culture - our urban monumental historical culture, because it is the most important transitional domain of human sedentary evolution. The basically rural village world develops a new stratum which will rigidly subjugate and exploit it: the imperially centralised urban world.

I am sorry, I exceeded the limits to some extent, but the time of the early empires is the most important source field to gain arguments for the 'deconstruction of historistic pseudo-glory' I plead for. I have been very glad for the things you sent to me and would like to thank you. 2001 is 'ante portas'. I wish you all the best for the coming year. We will continue in the new year, I hope.

Sincerely,
 

Nold Egenter
 

P.S. I have received the Video-cassette. Thanks.