And its Relation to Prehistory and Paleo-Anthropology
Date: Tue, 22 Jul 1997 04:38:18 +0100
Reply-To: Nold Egenter
From: Nold Egenter
Subject: HABITAT ANTHROPOLOGY
Sorry, the following text was sent too early and without subject. It should
follow the one 'The Hand was the first tool', indicating the methodological
consequences of the former. Therefore: once more. Sorry for the mistake.
Our site on 'anthropology of space and architecture' is based on
- 'constructivity' (nestbuilding behavior of the Great Apes; Yerkes 1929,
The Great Apes) and
- scientific definition of 'architecture' (like zoon in zoology)
- O. F. Bollnow's 'evolution of space perception' (1963) and
- ethno-(pre-)historical system of material culture (in opposition to
disciplinary dissected terms of material culture).
'Structural history' or 'ethno-pre-history' (Vienna school of ethnology,
Wernhart 1981). Ethnology with its vital source conditions is basic for
formation of theoretical approaches!
IMPLICATIONS FOR PALEO-ANTHROPOLOGY
1) assumption of pre-lithic fibroconstructive industries (easily
manipulatable fibrous materials were primary; hand was the first tool).
2) based on hypothesis 1): reconstructions of physical developments
(bipedic posture, precision grip of hand, refinement of stereoscopic view,
development of brain).
IMPLICATIONS FOR PREHISTORY
Main cultural sources:
- semantic architecture:
- 'tectiformes' and other sources of
'constructivity', rock art showing cult-scenes and tectonic signs and
symbols, life-trees, tree of cognition etc. (prehistory/history),
(ethnology, global), maypoles etc. (folklore studies, European, Asian)
- domestic architecture
- evolution of huts, houses and higher architecture
from constructivity and
- evolution of spatial principles developed in the domain of
- sedentary architecture
- evolution of settlements and early state
formation based on 1) and 2))
Systematic reconstruction of spatial organisation of pre-human (night camps
of higher apes) and human settlement (evolutionary typology of human
Highest ontological values of culture (aesthetics, ontology, religion,
social structure) developed in 'settlement core complex' (cyclic renewal of
materially perishable territorial demarcation).
See our INTERNET-Homepage: http://home.worldcom.ch/~negenter
DOFSBT, Chorgasse 19
CH-8001 Zuerich, Switzerland
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