NOTES


1
Prof. B. N. Saraswati works on an UNESCO supported project for the protection of traditional Indian textile crafts against the negative impacts of global commercialisation of textile industries. At the same time about 100 Indian villages shall be studied in view of traditional 'settlement core complexes'. Understanding their structure and consequently more support for them could imply an increase of identity in rural settlements.

2
"Nuclear demarcation" is a term related to local organisation of space and territorial demarcation. In contrast to peripheral demarcation, it designates a centralised or linearly middled system in which the settlement or territory is constructively demarcated in the centre or in the middle of a linear axis. The nuclear demarcation contains the code how the periphery is defined and used. The term 'nuclear demarcation' allows us to include very heterogeneous structural or architectural objects into comparable patterns of spatial organisation of settlements, local as well as spatially extended. Thus the term can be considered very valid for cross-cultural comparisons or viewpoints of cultural evolution.

3
A very good example for what is meant with nuclear demarcation in the case of India is the study of the ritual topography and pilgrimage at Kumbakonam presented recently by Vivek Nanda at the conference on "Pilgrimage and Complexity" (Kashi on the Kaveri; Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts, New Delhi, 20.-26. Dec. 1998). The history of the temples of this town implicitly also describes the history of the town's spatial extension as well as its social organisation.


4
Analytical thought has difficulties in understanding the "All-in-one-world-view" because it is based on an antithetic system of cognition. This harmonising cognition uses units composed of 'categorial polarities' and thus can identify functionally different objects in view of their analogous or 'identical' categorial structure.

5
"Founder principle" is a term related to 'Habitat Anthropology' in the framework of 'nuclear demarcation' (socio-territorio-semantic behaviour). It very likely developed with increasing territorial control (broad spectrum food control) in Mesolithic periods (see Egenter: Habitat anthropology and the Anthropological definition of material culture). It shows a tremendous continuity into our modern civilisations.


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