NOTES

1
Slightly modified, the title is taken from a private letter in which Mari-JosŽ Amerlinck and Juan Fernando Bontempo are referring to the above Current Anthropology-reply.

2
In the iconically rich transitional field between predynastic village cultures, regional clusters and early empire formation in Ancient Egypt (and Mesopotamia) the territorial implications of 'nuclear demarcation' can be reconstructed in the framework of 'settlement core complexes' evolving to higher levels with territorial, social and constitutional (theocratical) hierarchies (H. Kees 1956, Andrae 1930, 1933, Heinrich 1934, 1957, Bollnow 1963).With this model the mesolithic processes of increasingly sedentary communities and their neolithic culmination in agrarian village cultures can fairly easily be understood if one assumes that the dominantly functional type of 'fibroconstructive nuclear demarcation' in a system of polar categorical analogies increasingly acquires ontological values which secure the territories among different groups now on the higher level of a social value system. Thus, the answer to the question "Why did nests become reusable and long-lasting?" must presuppose a structuro-evolutionary line which parallels (and precedes) that of the hut (domestic architecture). Architectural anthropology calls it 'semantic architecture' (ethno/pre/historically: fetish/ maypole/ life-tree/ tree of cognition/ tectiformes-complex; Egenter 1986). The basic function of this 'semantic architecture' is focussed on territorial demarcation. It thus prepares the grounds for domestic and sedentary architecture being "reusable" and "long-lasting"!

3
The female with her baby is securely placed in the centre of the camp in a tree nest. All others build their ground nests on points of a pentagon. Very likely the dominant male secures the access path to the temporary dwelling space. If this were the case we could recognise this camp as a spatial pattern which is dominant throughout human architecture (access-place scheme; Egenter 1983).

4
For the terms 'micro- and macrotheoretical' see the chapter "Micro- and Macrotheories" in Egenter 1992.

5
Such 'innovations', however, were observed in the wild of present apes, for example tearing off grasses, transporting them to a heaped siesta nest. Savage-Rumbaugh et al. (1996) reported about Bonobos sticking branches into the earth (about 8 cm) to vertically stabilise them as 'traffic signs' for following Bonobo-groups. Thus the full range of dispositions for an architectural evolution can be observed among present apes in the wild, but they are not 'developed'.

6
McGrew (1929) critically discusses the term culture quite extensively, but ends up favouring its 'biologisation' with a point-program of several criteria. Evidently establishing a connex between the huge modern container called 'culture' and its most heterogeneous contents and the fairly simple 'culture' of 'nutcracking' and 'ant fishing' etc. is difficult! Certainly, McGrew does not provide enough support for an AHA-experience in view of 'culture'! Probably the nuclear impetus of culture would have to be assumed as something obviously 'primitive' on one hand, but something with a high potential for complexity. The Yerkesian definition of 'constructivity' includes this potential. In our view the nest as 'constructivity' forms the gateway to what we call 'nuclear demarcation' as a general term, covering phaseological types like subhuman, semantic, domestic and sedentary types of demarcation in the framework of a 'habitat anthropology' focussed on the evolution of a complex human settlement structure called 'settlement core complex'. (Egenter 1994 :249)

7
Except in the case of von Frisch (1974)! See in this context Pallasmaa's (1995) marvellously illustrated 'architectural' contribution to zoology! This lack of structural perception is also expressed in the tense practice of recent primatology to present results in schematic listings. Groves/Sabater Pi (1985) did not use even one of the rich illustrations on nest building provided by former observers in the field (Egenter 1983).

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